Ratio of Divisions of Gains:
1. When investments of all the partners are for the same time, the gain or loss is distributed among the partners in the ratio of their investments.
Suppose A and B invest Rs. x and Rs. y respectively for a year in a business, then at the end of the year:
(A’s share of profit) : (B’s share of profit) = x : y.
2. When investments are for different time periods, then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital x number of units of time). Now gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals.
Suppose A invests Rs. x for p months and B invests Rs. y for q months then,
(A’s share of profit) : (B’s share of profit)= xp : yq.
Q1. A, B and C started a business by investing Rs. 1,20,000, Rs. 1,35,000 and Rs. 1,50,000 Respectively. Find the share of A, out of an annual profit of Rs. 56,700.
Q2. Ram started a business investing Rs. 45000. After 3 months, Ramesh joined him with a capital of Rs. 60000. After another 6 months, Rakesh joined them with a capital of Rs. 90000. At the end of the year, they made a profit of Rs. 16500. Find the share Ramesh ?
Q3. A, B and C enter into partnership. A invests 3 times as much as B invests and B invests two third of what C invests. At the end of the year, the profit earned is Rs. 6600. What is the share of B ?
Q4. Four milkmen rented a pasture. A grazed 24 cows for 3 months, B 10 cows for 5 months, C 35 cows for 4 months and D 21 cows for 3 months. If A’s share of rent is Rs. 720, Find the total rent of the field?
Q5. A invested Rs. 76000 in a business. After few months, B joined him with Rs. 57000. At the end of year, the total profit was divided between them in the ratio 2 : 1. After how many months did B join ?
(a) 3 months
(b) 4 months
(c) 5 months
(d) 6 months
Q6. A, B and C enter into a partnership by investing in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 4. After one year, B invests another Rs. 270000 and C, at the end of 2 years, also invests Rs. 270000. At the end of three years, profits are shared in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5. Find the initial investment of C ?
Q7. P and Q started a business investing Rs. 85000 and Rs. 15000 respectively. In what ratio the profit earned after 2 years be divided between P and Q respectively.
Q8. Kamal started a business investing Rs. 9000. After five months, Sameer joined with a capital of Rs. 8000. If at the end of year, they earn a profit of Rs. 6970, then what will be the share of Sameer in the profit?
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